§1031 EXCHANGES KEEP REAL ESTATE MOVING

Have you been feeling it?  We sure have!  Real estate transactions have been up considerably in the last few years and a large percentage of those have been 1031 Exchanges.  When speaking with our clients, the high volume of exchanges can be attributed to a number of reasons.  

Real estate remains strong and investors are starting to look for ways to change or build upon their portfolios.  Properties that held as stable investments through the downturn are now showing significant appreciation and equity.  Since multiple properties can be acquired through a single Tax Deferred Exchange, investors can diversify their real estate portfolio, thereby hedging the investment risk inherent in a single property.  These replacement properties can offer greater income and long-term appreciation potential.

For some, it’s all about the taxes: In 2013 the Affordable Healthcare Act began imposing a 3.8% tax on certain investment income, including capital gains, for those with an Adjusted Gross Income exceeding $200,000 for single filers and $250,000 for married couples filing jointly. Additionally, the American Taxpayer Relief Act raised the top long-term capital gains rate from 15% to 20% for those with a taxable income of $400,000 for single individuals and $450,000 for married couples filing jointly.  Both of these taxes, combined with the 25% Depreciation Recapture Tax and the state capital gains tax, cause a substantially greater amount of equity to be due to the Federal Government at tax time.  With upwards of 1/3 the gain due in taxes, Investors utilize 1031 Exchanges to preserve their equity and grow their portfolio!

For others, Exchanging is an estate planning tool:  Investors want the income and benefits of ownership while they are alive, but want the property and hard-earned equity to pass on to their heirs upon death.  When a taxpayer dies, the estate receives a stepped up basis in the inherited property.  As a result, all of the built in gain disappears upon the taxpayer’s death.  This taxpayer could have exchanged multiple times during their lifetime, leaving their heirs with a sizable benefit that would have otherwise been greatly reduced if the taxpayer had sold the property outright, paid the taxes and just given the remaining cash to the future heirs.   

These strategies are excellent tax saving opportunities for a 1031 Exchange, and for all those involved in the real estate transaction.  We pride ourselves on not only being the industry leader in service and security, but we also strive to help our clients and their advisors keep current on tax issues pertaining to §1031 exchanges and applications for them. IPX1031® is your complete information resource. For more information about us, IRC Section 1031, or our complimentary monthly webinars, visit our website at http://www.ipx1031.com.

Patricia A. Flowers is Vice President with Investment Property Exchange Services, Inc.(IPX1031), the largest and most secure Qualified Intermediary in the country.  In 2004, Patricia received one of the first industry-awarded Certified Exchange Specialist® (CES®) Designations. In her role she strategically guides investors and advisors through the process, structuring transactions to help investors preserve equity and save thousands in taxes.

Patricia’s involvement spans the legal, financial, brokerage, tax and real estate industries, where she has participated in thousands of Exchanges. She is a member of various associations, including CREW-Boston (Women in Commercial Real Estate) and the Federation of Exchange Accommodators (FEA). Patricia is a frequent lecturer on IRC §1031 Exchanges, an instructor for CLE, CPE and CE credit, and author of numerous articles including an ongoing column the New England Real Estate Journal.

She can be contacted at 617-423-1031 or patricia.flowers@ipx1031.com

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Cyber Fraud – an Emerging and Worsening Threat

Written by Patty Flowers. Patty Flowers is AVP for Investment Property Exchange Services (IPX1031®) and a Certified Exchange Specialist®. See her website.

Take Key Steps to Combat It

Patty Flowers

Patty Flowers

Simply put, cyber fraud is when credit and financial information is stolen online by a hacker and used in a criminal manner. What’s alarming is the rapid growth of detected cyber fraud incidents, as well as the financial costs associated with these events. This emerging threat has the potential to cause serious damage.

“Cybercrime is a clear, present, and permanent danger. While it’s a permanent condition, however, the actors, threats, and techniques are very dynamic.” — Tom Ridge, CEO of Ridge Global and first secretary of the US Department of Homeland Security.

The long known scams of phishing emails, claims of lottery winnings, an inheritance from a long lost relative, or forwarding funds to Nigeria are consistently elevating to new and more deviant levels. More and more criminals are exploiting the speed, convenience and anonymity of the Internet. The fraudsters are getting smarter and bolder and fraud attempts are approached with increased vigor. As an investor or someone directly or indirectly involved in 1031 Exchanges and real estate transactions, being aware and attentive is critically important to you and your clients’ funds and business interests.

For the many frauds that have succeeded, there have been many more near misses that have been caught before funds could be disbursed and potentially never retrieved. IPX1031® is aware of a number of such cyber fraud attempts. These attempts generally try to redirect (and ultimately steal) deposits, purchase funds, closing proceeds or commissions.

At IPX1031® we take these threats very seriously. Protection of investors’ hard earned funds, potentially their entire life savings – is of the utmost importance to us. As part of Fidelity National Financial, we have access to secure systems and industry professionals that may not be available to smaller entities. The security of your information is extremely important in protecting your assets. When you want the best, expect it from IPX1031®, a leader in what matters – safety, security and expertise.

Many individuals and businesses underestimate the threat online fraud poses to their profitability, cash flow and reputation. So don’t leave your data – and your profits – open to cyber criminals. Take some simple steps towards keeping your computers, your information and business secure. Reduce your vulnerability and you reduce your threat.

Here’s a few resources from the FBI and the United Kingdom’s National Crime Agency (NCA) on measures you can take to protect yourself and your technology moving forward.

  1. FBI’s how to protect your computer
  2. FBI’s getting educated on Internet fraud

NCA’s Online Safety Guidance for the Public top tips:

  1. No bank or card issuer will contact you by email and ask you to enter all your personal and financial details online. If you receive a message like this, report it to your bank, then delete it
  2. If you get an email from an unknown source, do not open it and do not click on any attachments
  3. Make sure that your anti-virus software is up to date
  4. Never follow the messages from anti-virus software you encounter whilst on the internet. Only follow the anti-virus instructions from the software you have installed on your computer
  5. Install an anti-spyware package
  6. Always use a firewall
  7. Ensure that your software is up to date

NCA’s Common Cyber Threats

  1. Phishing: bogus emails asking for security information and personal details
  2. Webcam manager: where criminals takeover your webcam
  3. File hijacker: where criminals hijack files and hold them to ransom
  4. Keylogging: where criminals record what you type on your keyboard
  5. Screenshot manager: allows criminals take screenshots of your computer screen
  6. Ad clicker: allows a criminal to direct a victim’s computer to click a specific link
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